Le fil Inflexions

Les 19 et 20 juillet, Inflexions sera au salon du livre de Saint-Cyr Coëtquidan

20 juin : mise en place du comité scientifique pour la commémoration du 150e anniversaire de la guerre de 1870

N°9 | Les dieux et les armes

John Christopher Barry

American warrior

Quelques aspects religieux du nouveau credo du soldat américain 2003

1 This paragraph is often quoted and identified as The Warrior Ethos by u.s. military authorities « Embedded in the Soldier’s Creed is the Warrior Ethos — the very essence of what it means to be a Soldier. » Field Manual FM1 The Army, June 2005.

2 United States Army White Paper, Concepts for the Objective Force, u.s. Army, novembre 2002.

3 Strictly, the British Army does not have a soldier’s code, but it soes have strong regimental traditions, a Queen’s Regulation, a Manual of Military Law, and an official document : « Values and Standards of the British Army ».

4 Elise Marienstras, Les mythes fondateurs de la nation américaine, Éditions Complexe 1992, page 87.

5 Quadrennial Defense Review Report, Department of Defense, February 6, 2006, p. 42.

6 « It is thus plain from what has been said, that in no case do we strive for, wish for, long for, or desire anything, because we deem it to be good, but on the other hand we deem a thing to be good, because we strive for it, wish for it, long for it, or desire it. » Spinoza, Ethics, part iii, proposition ix, note.

7 FM1 The Army June 2005.

8 An influential evangelist close to president Nixon, was also « spiritual » advisor to other presidents like Dwight Eisenhower and Lyndon Johnson.

9 Quoted in Andrew Bacevich, The New American Militarism, Oxford University Press 2005, p. 63.

10 Samuel Huntington, « Robust Nationalism », The National Interest, 20 janvier 1999.

11 American military slang for killing an unpopular officer with a hand grenade. According to Richard Holmes, a Sandhurst military historian, 20 % of American officers who died in Vietnam were killed by their own men.

12 Future Force is the official u.s. military term for their force capable of full spectrum dominance, from major war operations to counter-insurgency and Homeland Security.

13 General Schoomaker, Washington Convention Center speech, 25 octobre, 2004.

14 Clausewitz, On War, Princeton University Press, p. 95.

15 Ibid, p. 95

16 Ibid, p. 96.

17 Ibid, p. 595

18. centcom is one of the six Unified Combatant Commands. Its area of responsibility is in the Middle East, East Africa and Central Asia.

19 Speech of General Anthony Zinni, u.s. Marine Corps (Retired), Naval Institute Forum 2003, 4 Sept 2003.

20 Pierre Hassner, La terreur et l’empire, Éditions du Seuil 2003, p. 184.

21 This expression was first used during the American Civil War, then revived (again) by Franklin Roosevelt during WWII.

22 Carl Schmitt, Le nomos de la terre, trad. L. Deroche-Gurcel, puf 2001, p. 123.

23 Nazi term for subhumans.

24 Sean Rayment, « u.s. tactics condemned by British officers », Daily Telegraph, 10 April 2004.

25 Brigadier Nigel Aylwin-Foster, « Changing the Army for Counterinsurgency Operations » Military Review, novembre-décembre 2005.

26 Ibid.

27 FM 21-23 The Soldier’s Guide, Headquarters, Department of the Army, August 1961.

28. This colonial expedition at the end of the 19th century is quickly dismissed as an aberration by mainstream liberal historians.

29 Joint vision 2020, Joint Chief of Staffs, Office of Primary Responsibility ; Strategy Division, Washington DC, June 2000.

30. De la Démocratie en Amérique ii, Bouquins Laffont, 1986, première partie, chapitre i, p. 431.

31. De la Démocratie en Amérique i, ibid., deuxième partie, chapitre ix, p. 277.

32 Code du soldat français, http://www.defense.gouv.fr/portal_repository/17033692320001/fichier/getData.

1 This paragraph is often quoted and identified as The Warrior Ethos by u.s. military authorities « Embedded in the Soldier’s Creed is the Warrior Ethos — the very essence of what it means to be a Soldier. » Field Manual FM1 The Army, June 2005.

2 United States Army White Paper, Concepts for the Objective Force, u.s. Army, novembre 2002.

3 Strictly, the British Army does not have a soldier’s code, but it soes have strong regimental traditions, a Queen’s Regulation, a Manual of Military Law, and an official document : « Values and Standards of the British Army ».

4 Elise Marienstras, Les mythes fondateurs de la nation américaine, Éditions Complexe 1992, page 87.

5 Quadrennial Defense Review Report, Department of Defense, February 6, 2006, p. 42.

6 « It is thus plain from what has been said, that in no case do we strive for, wish for, long for, or desire anything, because we deem it to be good, but on the other hand we deem a thing to be good, because we strive for it, wish for it, long for it, or desire it. » Spinoza, Ethics, part iii, proposition ix, note.

7 FM1 The Army June 2005.

8 An influential evangelist close to president Nixon, was also « spiritual » advisor to other presidents like Dwight Eisenhower and Lyndon Johnson.

9 Quoted in Andrew Bacevich, The New American Militarism, Oxford University Press 2005, p. 63.

10 Samuel Huntington, « Robust Nationalism », The National Interest, 20 janvier 1999.

11 American military slang for killing an unpopular officer with a hand grenade. According to Richard Holmes, a Sandhurst military historian, 20 % of American officers who died in Vietnam were killed by their own men.

12 Future Force is the official u.s. military term for their force capable of full spectrum dominance, from major war operations to counter-insurgency and Homeland Security.

13 General Schoomaker, Washington Convention Center speech, 25 octobre, 2004.

14 Clausewitz, On War, Princeton University Press, p. 95.

15 Ibid, p. 95

16 Ibid, p. 96.

17 Ibid, p. 595

18. centcom is one of the six Unified Combatant Commands. Its area of responsibility is in the Middle East, East Africa and Central Asia.

19 Speech of General Anthony Zinni, u.s. Marine Corps (Retired), Naval Institute Forum 2003, 4 Sept 2003.

20 Pierre Hassner, La terreur et l’empire, Éditions du Seuil 2003, p. 184.

21 This expression was first used during the American Civil War, then revived (again) by Franklin Roosevelt during WWII.

22 Carl Schmitt, Le nomos de la terre, trad. L. Deroche-Gurcel, puf 2001, p. 123.

23 Nazi term for subhumans.

24 Sean Rayment, « u.s. tactics condemned by British officers », Daily Telegraph, 10 April 2004.

25 Brigadier Nigel Aylwin-Foster, « Changing the Army for Counterinsurgency Operations » Military Review, novembre-décembre 2005.

26 Ibid.

27 FM 21-23 The Soldier’s Guide, Headquarters, Department of the Army, August 1961.

28. This colonial expedition at the end of the 19th century is quickly dismissed as an aberration by mainstream liberal historians.

29 Joint vision 2020, Joint Chief of Staffs, Office of Primary Responsibility ; Strategy Division, Washington DC, June 2000.

30. De la Démocratie en Amérique ii, Bouquins Laffont, 1986, première partie, chapitre i, p. 431.

31. De la Démocratie en Amérique i, ibid., deuxième partie, chapitre ix, p. 277.

32 Code du soldat français, http://www.defense.gouv.fr/portal_repository/17033692320001/fichier/getData.

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